In this paper, a costeffective means of mapping nigerian vegetation as a means of monitoring. The outward and visible sign of the desertification process is the gradual shift in vegetation from grasses, bushes and occasional trees, to grass and bush and in. Forest is vegetation that is dominated by tall, mostly evergreen trees and. Impact of seasonal changes on the vegetation composition of some selected sites in lagos state nigeria. Nigeria can make big profits if their natural resources are used wisely. The earliest cities in nigeria were the northern cities of kano and katsina that started around c. The latter is the least common, and is mainly found in the mountains near the cameroon border. It is a general term, without specific reference to particular taxa, life forms, structure, spatial extent, or any other specific botanical or geographic characteristics. The environments of nigeria s four major highlands are described. Data were collected from urban abuja city and periurban lugbe areas of the fct using both semistructured questionnaire and inventory of tree species.
The physiognomy and altitudinal zonations of the highland vegetation are discussed. Aug 01, 2019 nigeria s varied plant species are used in construction, food, medicine, and decoration. Sep 23, 20 in nigeria the savanna zone is split into two. The assessment of vegetation and land use changes in nigeria. Application of remote sensing and geographic information system in monitoring the dynamics of landuse in minna, nigeria g. A savanna climate, with marked wet and dry seasons, prevails in the north and west, while a steppe climate with little precipitation is found in the far north. Vegetation zones in nigeria and their features updated.
Evaluation of vegetation types and utilization in wildlife park of the university of agriculture makurdi, nigeria tyowua b. On november 7, 1994, a contract was signed by the forestry management, evaluation and coordinating unit formecu with the consortium of geomatics international inc. This is with intention of identifying its significance in. This study assesses the influence of some selected shelterbelts in arid environment of yobe state, nigeria on vegetation characteristics. Constant cutting and burning out of crop plots led to a drastic reduction in the area of forests that now occupy about onethird of the territory. As a consequence, if vegetation studies in this part of nigeria are to be implemented, both the past and recent patterns of vegetation change require close monitoring through empirical studies. Vegetation and litter production in southern guinea savanna. Aug 22, 2019 nigeria has a long history that dates back as far as 9000 b. The assessment of vegetation and land use changes in nigeria between 197678 and 199395 english abstract. The guinea savanna is the largest vegetation zone in nigeria and where you find the great population of the middle belt. Spatiotemporal assessment of vegetation resource dynamics in. It is important to emphasise that eastern nigeria is not, and.
Vegetation zones in nigeria and their features about 200 years ago it was possible to meet here herds of rhinoceroses, giraffes, elephants and many others, now their number has sharply decreased. Research article evaluation of vegetation types and. Status and challenges of soil management in nigeria. Africas vegetationlike its climateis almost mirrored north and south of the equator. While it is to be hoped that legislation will soon be introduced to facilitate protection, a comprehensive survey has recently been carried out with a view to substantially increasing the number of conservation areas in nigeria, and to make them more fully representative of the different vegetation zones of nigeria. It is bordered to the north by the republics of niger and chad. The guinea savannah vegetation type is a byproduct of centuries of tree devastation by man and fire, and continuous attempts by the plants to.
Nigeria shares land borders with the republic of benin in the west, chad and cameroon in the east, and niger in the north. Application of remote sensing and geographic information. Methodology study area this study was carried out in ileife in southwestern nigeria. For instance, larinalabi 1979 examined the potentialities of air photos for studying nigerias tropical forests.
Conservation of natural vegetation in nigeria environmental. A 3 1department of wildlife and range management, university of agriculture, makurdi. Vegetation expresses and reflects environmental conditions, particularly climate. Vegetation in nigeria is found to be more sensitive to rainfall variations in areas where there is an increase in the latter most especially the coastal regions, and decreasingly inwards to the hinterland, while in the northern parts of the country, there exists less sensitivity of vegetation to rainfall. Department of biologocal sciences bot 421 nigerian. There were 1425402 95% limits trees ha1 of which caesalpiniaceous legumes made up 53%. Original research oil spill influence on vegetation in. Pdf an assessment of vegetation cover in lagos state.
Pdf effects of quarrying activities on local vegetation. Assessing the landuselandcover change trajectories and effects in onitsha using remote sensing and gis. Mesma results were used to compare vegetation percentages inside each landsat7 pixel within 163 spillimpacted areas, and defined different determinants that increase the influence. Environment and vegetation on nigerias highlands springerlink. Sep 07, 2018 vegetation is the species of plant coupled with the provided land cover. There could be numerous shrubs up to 30 feet high each. The study was aimed at the application of a precise method to ascertain the role of quarrying activities on vegetation cover in ebonyi state, nigeria. Changing vegetation patterns in yobe state nigeria. Tree species richness, diversity, and vegetation index for. As mentioned in the previous lesson, nigeria is a state of forests and savannas.
Pdf is nigeria losing its natural vegetation and landscape. Mangrove forest and coastal vegetation ecological zone. Nigeria s vegetation belts reflect this very close link between vegetation and climate. Once, a significant part of the territory was covered with dense tropical rainforests. Geography, climate and vegetation embassy of nigeria, beirut. Dec 25, 2018 types of vegetation in nigeria nigeria is located in western africa. Department of biologocal sciences bot 421 nigerian vegetation. Originally a russian term applied to the treeless temperate land of russia and siberia. In nigeria only the sahel zone has this type of vegetation eg north east nigeria. The study demonstrates that remote sensing and gis exploratory techniques are appropriate tools for supporting effective management of the vegetation and. Guinea savanna extends from the south around enugu to the north toward zaira.
Nigerias ecology varies from tropical forest in the south to dry savanna in the far north, yielding a diverse mix of plant and animal life. It also shares a border with the selfdeclared, but internationally unrecognized state of ambazonia in the southeast. Vegetation is an assemblage of plant species and the ground cover they provide. Western nigeria was undertaken as part of an international project. Ileife lies within latitudes 0730 n to 0735 n and longitudes 0430 e to 0435 e. In this study, we investigated the prevalence and diversity of bacterial and protozoan tickborne pathogens in ticks collected from the vegetation and cattle in nigeria by pcr. Centre for disaster risk management and development studies. Geospatial assessment of vegetation status in sagbama. Remote sensing and vegetation mapping different methods are used for collecting land use and land cover information which can be used for vegetation mapping depending on the degree of detail required for the specific project leak and venugopal, 1990. Nigeria has a tropical climate with variable rainy and dry seasons, depending on location.
Although there are a lot of problems connected with savannas development, the climatic conditions still contribute to the producing of cash crops. In nigeria, the conservation of representative samples of major vegetation types is being undertaken, though it is not yet possible to make special provision for individual plant species. Large herds can be found only in reserves and parks, especially on the bauchi plateau, in the yankara reserve. Influence of vegetation characteristics on nutrient loss in the. With the south to north progressive decline in total rainfall and length of wet season, vegetation belts are demarcated on westtoeast zonation pattern characterised by. Reference soil ofthe southern guinea savanna of south western nigeria. The broad, mostly level valleys of the niger and benue rivers form nigerias largest physical region. This study was conducted to investigate the tree species richness and diversity of urban and periurban areas of the federal capital territory fct, abuja, nigeria, and produce normalized difference vegetation index ndvi for the territory. Attention is drawn to the variation in environmental conditions indicated by certain elements of the flora.
There are a variety of different species of plants that are native to the west african nation of nigeria, a country which is situated along the gulf of guinea. The geographical area called nigeria has a total land area of 983,2 km 2 with over 180 million people living in it. Nigeria currently has two broad belts of vegetation. Around 1400, the yoruba kingdom of oyo was founded in the southwest and reach its height from the 17th to the 19th century. Vegetation and land use changes in nigeria between 197678 and 199395. Nigerias vegetation belts reflect this very close link between vegetation and climate.
The present study is an effort towards the provision of the needed vegetation information required for natural and vegetation resource management in the western axis of the niger delta region. Geography nigeria is situated in the west african region and lies between longitudes 3 degrees and 14 degrees and latitudes 4 degrees and 14 degrees. The natural vegetation of nigeria is very suitable for the economic activity. Swamp forest, montane forest, and forest outliers, may be included within this scope, but currently none of these sites is being preserved in nigeria. The need to conserve representative samples of natural vegetation was recognized in nigeria over thirty years ago. Pathogen prevalence in ticks collected from the vegetation. Africas vegetation consists of grasslands, rain forests, and a wide variety of other plant life.
Sensitivity of vegetation to annual rainfall variations over. It is hot and wet most of the year in the southeast but dry in the southwest and farther inland. It is a common word that had no basic reference to a significant geographical or botanical source, structure, spatial extent and life forms of any other dignified. Quarrying activities affect vegetation cover by hindering it from performing its biological roles. Spatiotemporal assessment of vegetation resource dynamics in nigeria from spot satellite imageries. Nigerian vegetation pdf forest is vegetation that is dominated by tall, mostly evergreen trees and there is hardly. Types of vegetation in nigeria and zones information.994 257 490 447 261 1362 1136 314 264 406 1272 909 1678 86 1600 398 359 315 774 212 1247 746 1495 291 761 1466 1455 884 844 902 1204 27 512 864 1229 1352 392 987 609 631 425 95 85 1417 934 759 551