It is because the french revolution is a religion and robespierre is one of its sects. The most salient images of the reign of terror, however, come from paris, where the most dramatic show trials of the revolution took place. A radical, republican phase that led to authoritarian terror under. Robespierre and the french revolution tv movie 2009. The story of revolution and resistance in 18thcentury france is a complicated one, and no two historians tell the story the same way. The reign of terror was the most violent phase of the french revolution, a yearlong period between the summers of 1793 and 1794. The views of historians, in particular, have been characterised as falling along ideological lines, with disagreement over the significance and the major developments of the revolution. The french revolution is one of the most important events in modern history. The events in france gave new hope to the revolutionaries who had been defeated a few years previously in the united provinces, belgium, and switzerland.
This segment focuses on the reign of terror 17931794. When louis xvi summoned the etatsgeneraux, he unleashes a revolution that would change his country and cost his life. The organised persecution of religious dissent, such as the albigensian crusade, the medieval and the spanish inquisitions and the system imposed on tudor. A colorful site with interesting facts and links on the french revolution. August 26 the national assembly adopts the declaration of the rights of man and of the citizen. Nov 25, 2017 maximilien robespierre during the reign of terror, which lasted for just over a year, the guillotine became an instrument of death that killed thousands most notably marie antoinette. Liberty or death in the french revolution by sophie wahnich, trans. The reign of terror is a period of time in france during the french revolution lasting from september 1793 to july 1794. It was more radical than either the english or american revolutions, and had a far greater impact on 19th century europe. What effects did dechristianisation have towards the people during the terror. October 5 a large group of women and men march from paris to versailles to demand lower bread prices.
Over 16,000 people were guillotined and many of those people were merciless. Based on his actions and threats the national convention voted to arrest robespierre. Mar 01, 2017 in this installment of my french revolution series, i examine the changes that took place between 1791 and 1793 that transformed the french revolution from a liberal revolution seeking a. This film combines drama, archive and documentary interviews to examine robespierres year in charge of the committee of public. The term terror, means the terrorism carried out by a revolutionary state, and hails back to the french revolution. Most popular french revolution movies and tv shows imdb. The french revolution and early european revolutionary. The legislative assembly, the legislature of revolutionary france from october 1, 1791 to september 20, 1792, provided the focus of political debate and revolutionary lawmaking. A revolution means a revolt, mutiny or a powerful change.
The reign of terror was a dark and violent period of time during the french revolution. Dec 03, 2018 after the bloody french revolution ended, its hard to believe that the country then reverted back to the monarchy, but it did, at least for a little while longer. A continuation of my french revolution lecture series. July 14 the french revolution begins with the storming of the bastille. The french revolution has received enormous amounts of historical attention, both from the general public and from scholars and academics. How did the french revolutions ideals of liberty, equality, and fraternity descend into. Diagraming the main points and components of the french revolution. Reign of terror during french revolution history forum. Reign of terror, period of the french revolution from september 5, 1793, to july 27, 1794, during which the revolutionary government decided to take harsh. Melvyn bragg discusses the reign of terror during the french revolution and whether it was an aberration of the revolutionary cause or its natural culmination. Setting the stage peasants were not the only members of french society. This bundle contains readytouse french revolution worksheets that are perfect for students to learn about the french revolution, which was an influential period of social and political upheaval in france that lasted from 1789 until 1799.
Since then, the government had been in a constant state of change. Many more were beheaded in the years following the french revolution as well in an era known as the reign of terror. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Radicalization of the french revolution french revolution. Among those charged by the tribunal, about half were acquitted though the number dropped to about a quarter after the enactment of the law of 22 prairial on 10 june 1794.
Ludus with movement artist bournemouth sinfoniettarichard studttasmin littlerobert aldwinckle. The guillotine was nicknamed the national razor or madame guillotine. Robespierre believed that the virtue needed for any. He is a priest with his flock robespierre preaches, robespierre censures, he is.
Fulfillment by amazon fba is a service we offer sellers that lets them store their products in amazons fulfillment centers, and we directly pack, ship, and provide customer service for these products. The french revolution was a good idea take the royals down a bit, but robespierre got a little carried away. In the years between 1789 until 1799, france experienced the most violent political turmoil, overthrowing the monarchy of louis xvi and establishing the french republic, only to end in the dictatorship of napoleon bonaparte, who was involved in the later years of the revolution. The invention of modern state terrorism during the french. It is estimated that as many as 40,000 people were executed at the guillotine during the french revolution and the reign of terror that followed. The french revolution was a watershed event in modern european history that began in 1789 and ended in the late 1790s with the ascent of napoleon bonaparte. Download this course for use offline or for other devices. Remote work advice from the largest allremote company. History french revolution national convention and the terror. Leading up to the terror the french revolution had begun four years earlier with the storming of the bastille. There can be few historical subjects so mythologized as the violence of crowds in the french revolution. Terror robespierre and the french revolution youtube.
The french revolution the reign of terror about history. Robespierre was guillotined after the reign of terror, napoleon bonaparte rose to be the emperor of france. The legislative assembly first met on october 1, 1791, under the constitution of. The french revolution was a revolutionary event in modern european history. The coming of the terror in the french revolution on jstor. Likewise, all those who wanted changes in england, ireland, the german states, the austrian lands, or italy looked upon the revolution with sympathy. The french revolution had begun four years earlier with the storming of the bastille. Including 1012,000 summary executions without trial, especially in western france, and another. Enemy forces were advancing over french soil, british ships hovered near french ports hoping to link up with rebels, the vendee had become a region of open rebellion, and federalist revolts were frequent. This was, in fact, the same virtue defined by montesquieu almost 50 years earlier. They arrested and executed anyone who they suspected might not be loyal to the revolution. Even under what montesquieu, in the spirit of the laws 1748, called moderate. In 1794, french revolutionary maximilien robespierre produced the worlds first defense of state terror claiming that the road to virtue lay through political violence.
On july 28th, 1794, soldiers stormed into where robespierre was staying. Students will also learn about facts surrounding the french revolution period. French revolution counterrevolution, regicide, and the. Terror took a variety of different forms during the revolution. The third estate is the people and the people is the foundation of the state. The coming of the terror in the french revolution by timothy tackett. Terror in the french revolution and today international. Im having trouble with answering this, and i dont really know how it can relate to the terror, so if anyone could help, thatd be great, thanks. Start studying history french revolution national convention and the terror. Fear, violence, and the reign of terror dissent magazine.
A read is counted each time someone views a publication summary such as the title, abstract, and list of authors, clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the fulltext. French revolution french revolution counterrevolution, regicide, and the reign of terror. As you read about the french revolution in this chapter, see. Jul 22, 2012 a ppt for class ix students for better comprehension of the topic the french revolution. The french revolution and the rule of napoleon 17741815. The year of authorised state terror from july 1793 to july 1794 was the climactic. Song tabula rasa for two violins, string orchestra and prepared piano. Reign of terror, period of the french revolution from september 5, 1793, to july 27, 1794, during which the revolutionary government decided to take harsh measures against those suspected of being enemies of the revolution nobles, priests, and hoarders.
By 1793, the revolutionary government was in crisis. Reign of terror article about reign of terror by the free. The resources are suitable for aqa, ocr, edexcel and wjec alevel history. After the reign of terror, the french first republic was created, but just 12 years later its leader, napoleon bonaparte, dubbed himself the emperor of france. This lecture is chiefly intended for ap european history students, but will be good for world history and western civilization courses, as well as lifelong learners. During these ten months the number of people executed by the revolutionary cause using the guillotine reached over 16,000. Adam zamoyski, in phantom terror, argues that the fears the revolution generated among its opponents led to the stifling of liberal reform in europe for nearly half a century, while spurring the. This was a revolt against the revolution otherwise called a counter revolution. Terror, of course, has been used throughout history by despots and tyrants of every kind. The development of terror in the french revolution. But if you see something that doesnt look right, contact us. They force the king and queen to move back to paris. By investigating the question of the french revolutions success, students will need to make decisions about what the problems of the revolution were, how to give weight to the events of three different periods of the revolution, and what distance, if any, was between intentions and effects.
There were two ways in which the early state might have used terror. The guillotine was used as a weapon that killed in 2100 of a second. During the french revolution many people were sent to the guillotine to be beheaded. Kids learn about the reign of terror during the french revolution including leading up to the terror, committee of public safety, new laws, robespierre, deaths. In fact, however, the elimination of the tyrant would raise a host of new. At the height of the terror, fifty people were killed a day. The reign of terror, or commonly the terror french. During this time around 50,000 french citizens were executed.